Save Our Own: Fire Fighter Survival
NFPA 1410: Standard on Training for Initial Emergency Scene Operations (2005) defines RIT as “Two or more fire fighters assigned outside the hazard area at an interior structure fire to assist or rescue at an emergency operation.”
While this definition within NFPA 1410 is applied to structural firefighting, the concept of using specialized equipment, techniques and training to assist or rescue firefighters in distress, can be applied to all firefighting environments.
It is clear from Fire fighter fatality investigations and studies, that we are not as efficient and effective as we could be at the Tactical: packaging and movement of downed Fire Fighters, or the Command of these complex operations.
Orientation and Self Rescue provide knowledge to prevent the Firefighter from becoming entrapped. Command and Control, Air Management, and Crisis Communications are key aspects in ensuring that a firefighter who is injured, suffers a health emergency brought on by heat stress or becomes trapped, are removed efficiently and effectively from the hot zone to an area where they can be treated.
This is a challenging and physically demanding course, conducted at a moderate pace to ensure proper retention and practice. Further, it is an opportunity for crews who are responsible for each other’s lives to bond in a facilitated manner.
Command and Control
Management of the downed Fire Fighter incident by the Command Officer is the critical foundation to a successful operation. Industrial Response Team leaders are taught and practice the fundamentals of leading and communicating critical information during these incidents. The Incident Command System is utilized throughout all elements of the Course. Throughout all Tactical evolutions, students participate as “Command”, learning Crisis Communication skills and gaining perspective of what needs Command has, should they become the one who is communicating to Command.
The first 4-hour Module (1A Introduction) sets the foundation for TRT Member Rescue
- Command and Control
- Self Rescue
- TRT Assessment and Basic Packaging
The second 4-hour Module (1B Intermediate) is aiding a downed firefighter who is a member of the crew.
- Command and Control
- Crisis Communication
- May Day May Day May Day
- Fire Fighter Hauls and Carries
- Introduction: Haul Straps
The third 8-Hour Module is Advanced Topics in TRT Rescue
- Protecting in Place
- Search Techniques
- Risk-Benefit Analysis
- Air Supply Management
- Search Ropes (Tag Line)
- Advanced Drags and Carries
- Specialized Scenario
Module 1A and 1B Duration
The duration of the module includes 8 hours: 2 hours classroom, 6 hours Practical hands on training and demonstration of competency. Practical training will include guided practice (one on one) or (one on two) instructor to student ratio.
Pre-requisite: Firefighter I concepts IFSTA: PPE, SCBA
Required Gear/ Equipment:
- NFPA Compliant Personal Protective Ensemble (All items will be worn at all times in practical scenarios)
- NFPA Breathing Apparatus
- 10’ Webbing “Haul Straps”
- Rehabilitation Chairs
- Rehabilitation Supplies as per NFPA 1500
Document Review: NIOSH Firefighter Death Reports, NFPA Standards, IFSTA material
Current State Learning Assessment: Prior to the beginning of the course, an assessment of the current state of the students’ level of competency/knowledge will be conducted. The course will be adapted to provide a comfortable learning environment/pace based upon this assessment.